4/26/91-5/9/91.............5/10/91-5/23/91.............6/7/91-6/20/91

New network enlists citizen data collectors UW-Milwaukee Home page feature article, March 3, 2009

Schwartz’s work brings citizen involvement to the science of spring UW-Milwaukee Home page feature article, March 11, 2007

UWM Professor Helped Produce Global Warming Report UW-Milwaukee Home page feature article, October 24, 2006

Geographer's research shows spring is coming earlier UW-Milwaukee Home page feature article, April 17, 2001

Arcane Research with Global Implications UW-Milwaukee Graduate School Research Profile article, Fall, 2001


This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under the grant numbers listed. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.


Connecting Satellite and Surface Measures of Spring's Onset: National Science Foundation Grant # ATM-9510342 (Funding Period: August 1995 through July 1999)

Project Summary and Research Findings

Related Publication: "Phenology in seasonal climates I"

Related Publication: "Green-wave phenology"

Related Publication: "Surface phenology and satellite sensor-derived onset of greenness: an initial comparison"


Connecting Spring Phenology with Lower Atmospheric Energy-Mass Exchange: National Science Foundation Grant # ATM-9809460 (Funding Period: October 1998 through September 2001)

Project Summary and Research Findings

Related Publication: "Advancing to full bloom: planning phenological research for the 21st century"

Related Publication: "Young Students, Satellites Aid Understanding of Climate-Biosphere Link"

Related Publication: "Changes in North American spring"

Related Publication: "Determining the growing season of land vegetation on the basis of plant phenology and satellite data in Northern China"

Related Publication: "Examining the Onset of Spring in China"


Collaborative Research: Connecting Spring Phenology with Lower Atmospheric Energy-Mass Exchange, Phase Two: National Science Foundation Grant # ATM-0085224 (Funding Period: March 2001 through September 2004)

Project Summary and Research Findings

Related Publication: "Editorial: Phenology and climate change: the timing of life cycle events as indicators of climatic variability and change"

Related Publication: "Abstract: Assessing Satellite-derived Start-of-Season (SOS) Measures in the Conterminous USA"

Related Publication: "Preprint: Assessing Satellite-derived Start-of-Season (SOS) Measures in the Conterminous USA"

Related Publication: "Examining the Onset of Spring in Wisconsin"

Related Publication: "Onset of spring starting earlier across the Northern Hemisphere"

Related Publication: "Intercomparing multiple measures of the onset of spring in eastern North America"


Bridging Spatial Scales Using Phenological Measurements to Improve Understanding of Springtime Atmosphere-Biosphere Interactions: National Science Foundation Grant # BCS-0649380 (Funding Period: March 2007 through February 2010)

Project Summary

Related Publication: "Landscape Phenology: An Integrative Approach to Seasonal Vegetation Dynamics"