Tools for Research

Tracking Literature Trends  

A guide for students to identify key issues in research literature and how they change as research progresses.

Analyzing References  

Students typically question the value of adding to their bibliographies articles that only seem to confirm conclusions from a previous reference. This form guides them to make more subtle comparisons among articles and especially to look more closely at articles that seem to contradict each other.

Rhetorical Analysis An important component of deciding whether an article or chapter is a valid contribution to a field is to evaluate its context. Rhetorical analysis teaches students to examine the background of the publication, publisher, review process and expertise of reviewers, and the intended audience for the article (among other things) so that they can evaluate the interpretation of results and conclusions in the article.

Basic Research Paper Outline  

Most scientific papers follow the IMRAD format. This outline gives a summary of the basic format and a summary of the contents in each section.

Avoiding Plagiarism One of many good sites for helping students to appreciate the requirements of citation, acknowledgment of sources, and appropriate use of the work of others.
Name-year citations in text Describes in-text citation styles using the name-year system.
Name-year bibliographies Describes reference lists (bibliographies) using the name-year system.
Citation-sequence citations in text Describes in-text citation styles using the citation-sequence system.
Citation-sequence bibliographies Describes reference lists (bibliographies) using the citation-sequence  system.
Example of in-text citations This page shows one paragraph as it would look in both the name-year and the citation-sequence styles.
Guide to Peer Editing Instructions and checklists for students to read and respond to writing of their peers. Meant to help both readers and writers strengthen their skills