S

sabato
Saturday
sabia
sand
saber
know [Sch 75]
sabir
know [Dict] [CT 3]
sabordo
porthole
sabun
soap
sabunar
soap
saccaggiar
sack, destroy
saccaggio
sack, destruction
saco
sack
sacrificar
sacrifice
sacrificateur (?)
sacrificer
sacrifizzio
sacrifice
safran
safran
sagacità
shrewdness
sagiar
try
saisie
distraint. wyaemlhum asyzy. And he carries out a distraint on them. [SLE 150b]
sala
hall. Also:
wkanw b' +ablat dlga$y fy cala wwaHda. And there were two guest tables in a hall. [SLE 60a] This is an old word in Western Arabic.
salade, salada
salad. had a$lada dy Ha+ytlna bla ma Ha+ytlna lHam m$wwy. This salad which you served us without serving us roasted meat. [SLE 60b] May be Oc. with the final vowel pronounced, or Spanish with omission of the initial en-. Cp. R. Joseph Caro, who renders empanadas as pnad$ in his Shulhan `Arukh, seventeenth century.
salata
salad
salame
salting
salar
salt
sale
salt
salmun
salmon. Also quoted by Cohen, p. 413.
salsa
sauce
saltar
jump
salto
jump
saltor
jumper
salutar
greet
salute
health, greetings! [Dict] [Sch 81]
saluto
greeting
salvador
savior
salvar
save
salvo
safe
sancto
holy [Sch 81]
sandal
fishing-boat
sangre
blood, relative [Dict] [Sch 71]
sano
healthy
sanir
cure
santar
sit down [Sch 85]
santità
sanctity
santo
holy, saint
sapor
flavor
sardina
sardine
sarradura
padlock
sartan
frypan
sartor
tailor
satino
satin
savento
learned
saviezza
wisdom
savio
wise
sbanioul
Spaniard [Sch 85]
sbarcar
disembark
sbarco
disembarkation
scala
ladder
scaladar
scale
scaliere
threshold
scarcina
scimitar [CT 1, 3]
scarfar
rub out
scaricar
unload
scarpe
shoe
scatola
bolt, snuff-box
scelerato
scoundrel
schiabbola
saber [CT 3]
schiavo
slave
scienza
knowledge, science
schifa
vestibule
scirocco
south
scirocco levanti
south-east
scirocco ponenti
south-west
scola
school
scolier
schoolboy
scometir
bet
scomezza
bet
scopetta
rifle
scorbut
scurvy
scordar
forget
scorsa
bark
scorta
escort
scortegar
flay
scriban
secretary
scripto
inscribed [Sch 78] (=escripta)
scrivano grande
chief secretary [Sch 80]
scrivir
write
scudo
crown (coin)
scultar
sculpt
scultor
sculptor
scultura
sculpture
scura
ax
scuza
excuse
scuzar
excuse
se
if, oneself [Dict] [CT 1, 3]
secar
wipe
secar
dry
secarezza
dryness
seco
dry
secolo
century
securità
security
securo
sure, certain [Sch 81]
seda
silk
sedar
sit
sedaria
silk goods
sedici
sixteen
sedio
siege
seductor
seducer
sega
saw
segador
sawyer
segadura
sawing
segar
saw
seggiornar
sojourn
seggiorno
sojourn
segnio
sign
segundamente
secondly
segundo
second, according to
segreto
secret
seguità
continuation
seguro
certain, certainly. kwnw sygwrw bly rana Dena mn adwnyya. Be sure that we have perished from the world. [SLE 12b] tkwnw sygwrw aly lbyr ykwn endkwm ahna flblad. You may be sure that you will have a well here in the city. [SLE 51a] wsygwrw wwayyn had a$y mn sbt emayylna lqbaH. And this thing is surely on account of our evil deeds. [SLE 3a] Very frequent. Note invariability of this form.
sei
six
sembiar
seem, resemble
semi-semi
together, along with you cf. Dict. siéme-siéme. Sch derives from It. insieme.
seminanza
sowing
seminar
sow
semola
semolina
seno
breast
señor, sr.
sir. n+qt Hnh wqaltlw sy' ma Hslt jyt lendk· lywm Gyr Hta wwcltny askyn llaeDm. Hannah spoke up and said to him: Sir! I came to you today only when for me the knife had reached to the bone. [SLE 87b]
señora
ntq wqllha snywra ela$ $qyt lywm lendy. He spoke up and said: Madam why have you come to me today? [SLE 83b] said: Madam, why have you visited me today? [SLE 87b]
señores, srs.
gentlemen. wn+q arby wqallhwm sy'. And the Rabbi spoke up and said to them: Gentlemen! [SLE 106b] Plural of sr. Note that in Judeo-Arabic rby is pronounced ribbi or rebbi, probably to keep it separate from the Arabic divine name rabbi.
sensatione
sensation
sensato
sensible
sensibile
obvious
sensibilità
obviousness
senso
sense
sentar
put, seat
sentar
listen to [Sch 78]
sentena
well-room
sentenza
sentence
sentimento
sentiment
sentir
feel, understand [Dict] [Sch 70]
sentito
understood [Sch 71]
senza
without
separar
separate
separazion
separation
sepelir
bury
sepulcrale
sepulchral
sepultura
burial
sequestra
sequestration
sequestrar
sequester
sera
evening [Dict] [CT 10]
sera
will be [Sch 81]
sereno
serene
serigia
pack-saddle [Dict] [Sch 72] (Arabic)
serio
seriously
serradura
lock
serrar
close
serva
maidservant
servar
attend
service
service. ana HaDr lsrbys dyyalk·. I am at your service. [SLE 54b] wana HaDr lsrb'ys dyyalk·. And I am at your service. [SLE 76b]
servidor
servant
servir
to serve, wait on. Also:
wysrby a+wwabl. And he will wait on the tables. [SLE 60a] wjabhw lhad bn adam wsrbylhwm a+wwabl. And they brought a certain man, and he waited on the tables. [SLE 60a]
servitù
slavery
servizio
service
sessanta
sixty
sete
thirst
settanta
seventy
sette
seven
settimana
week
settimo
seventh
seubt
sabbath, Saturday (Arabic)
severità
severity
severo
severe
sfidar
defy
si
oneself
si
if [Sch 78, 80]
sia
let it be
sicurezza
security
sicuro
certainly. Compare seguro.
signal
signal
significar
signify
significazzion
signification
signor
Mr., sir
siguro
certain (See also sicuro.)
silenzio
silence
simio
monkey
simplamente
simply
simplicità
simplicity
simplificar
simplify
simplo
simple
simular
simulate
singular
odd
singulare
odd
singularità
oddness
sinistra
left
sino
otherwise, unless [Sch 79]
sintoma
symptom
situar
situate
situation
situation
snoga
see esnoga
società
company, society
sofa
sofa
soffiar
blow
soffio
breath
sol
sun
solamente
only
soldat
soldier. tmn myyat alp $wldad. 800,000 soldiers. [SLE 12b]
soleviar
assuage
solevio
soothing
solfero
sulfur
solidarità
solidarity
solidaro
conjointly liable
solidità
solidity
solido
solvent, solidly
solo
only, alone
somma
see suma.
sommation
summons
sono
sound, noise
sopra
above, (with il) surface
sorbet
syrup (Arabic)
sordi
(small coin) [Sch 85]
sordo
deaf
sorella
sister-in-law
soridir
smile
soriso
smile
sorte
fate, type
sortir
go out
sorza
source
sospirar
sigh
sospiro
sigh
sostegnio
support
sostenir
sustain
sostraction
subtraction
sotto
below
sottoterreno
subterranean
sovrano
sovereign
spachiar
settle
spacio
see espacio
spacioso
spacious
spada
sword
spagnioli
Spaniard [Sch 85]
sparmniar
lay by
spartir
share
speculazzion
speculation
spedir
send
spedition
despatch
speranza
hope
sperar
hope
spetta
wait [Sch 75]
spina
thorn, pin
spirito
spirit
spoliar
spoil
spoliazion
spoliation
sponga
sponge
sporcar
soil
sporco
dirty
sporquezza
filth
spuma
foam
squiavo
slave
stancar
tire
stanquezza
weariness
star
be [Sch 70, 75, 81] [CT passim]
stivale
boot
stablir
establish
star
be
stella
star
stendir
extend
stoffa
stuff
stomaco
stomach
strada
road
straniero
stranger
stretto
straight
studiar
study
stupefato
stupefied
stupido
stupid
stupor
stupor
sr., srs.
see señor and señores.
subir
undergo
subito
1. sudden, suddenly. Also:
2. immediately. swby+w rahy tbra. Immediately she will get well. [SLE 10a] wswby+w tbewh whab+w meah lspynh blkbwd. And immediately they went after him and went down with him to the ship in honor. [SLE 51b] The word always means "immediately", in the Arabic text as in Italian, and not "suddenly" as in Sp. Very frequent.
Cohen (p.441) declares that this word, which he translates de suite, is unknown to Muslim Arabic in Algiers. Listed in Dict as soubito.
subsistar
subsist
subsistenza
subsistance
subtile
subtle
subvenir
assist
succedir
succeed (follow on)
succeso
success
successor
successor
succombar
succumb
succo
juice
sudar
sweat
sudetto
subject
sudor
sweat
suffocar
choke
sujetion
subjection
sultan
sultan (Arabic)
suma
sum. Also:
wwHd aswma bkl eam weam. A certain sum every year. [SLE 84b]
summetir
submit
summizzion
submission
suono
sleep
superbo
proud, splendid
superior
superior
superiorità
superiority
superstizione
superstition
superstizioso
superstitious
suplear
supplement
suplemento
supplement
supliar
beg
suplicazion
supplication
supliciar
torment
suponir
suppose
supplicio
torment
supposizzion
supposition
supportar
support
surprendir
surprise
surpresa
surprise
suprimar
suppress
surmontar
surmount
surpassar
surpass
survivente
survivor
suspecto
suspect
suspendir
suspend
svanimento
swoon
synagoga
see esnoga

Go back to Glossary Index
Go back to Home Page
Alan D. Corré
corre@uwm.edu