Sociology 900-927-001

Seminar in Sociology of Contemporary Institutions:Urban Social Control

and

Urban Studies 952-987-001

Urban Social Control

 

Class Meetings:T 6:30 P.M to 9:10 P.M. in Bolton 778b

Instructor:††††††††† Donald E. Green

E-mail:††††††† †††††††dgreen@uwm.edu

Office:††††††††††††††† 706 Bolton Hall††††

Office Hours:††† TR 11:30 A.M. ‑12:30 P.M. or by appointment

Office Phone:†††† 229‑4259

 

Reflector Address:soc927

 

Also see these web sites:

††† http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/Sociology††

††† http://www.uwm.edu/~dgreen††

The Course:This course will provide an analysis of crime as a major urban institution in the United States, with particular attention given to its etiology and strategies of social control. Other selected topics that will be considered include who defines what is criminal, how crime is measured, the distribution of criminal behavior across various socio-demographic characteristics of urban populations, and an assessment of the extent to which gender and racial inequality exists in various criminal justice outcomes in urban environments.

Class Attendance:Class attendance is required.The seminar format of the course mandates that students attend class and participate in class discussions.Paper presentations also will be required and are explained in more detail in the following sections.††

 

Class Participation:Students are required to participate in class discussions based on the assigned readings for each class meeting.In addition, each student will be required to lead the class discussion (with the number of times dependent on the course enrollment).Students will be evaluated based on the preparation and content of the discussion.

 

Research Paper:Students will be required to complete and present in class a research paper focusing on a selected topic related to urban social control theory or practice.The paper should follow the standard format of a statement of the problem, a review of the literature which addresses the major theoretical and/or methodological issues related to the topic, and a conclusion and/or discussion section that makes suggestions for further theoretical and/or methodological development.

 

Grades:Course grades will be based on student performances on class discussions, paper presentations and the research paper.

Course Outline

 

 

Sept.††† 5†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

 

Introduction†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

 

Sept.12 †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Urbanism and Crime

 

Readings:

 

The Subcultural Theory of Urbanism:A Twentieth-Year Assessment, Claude S. Fischer, AJS 101(3):(Nov. 1995) 543-77.

 

Urbanness and Unconventional Behavior:A Partial Test of Claude Fischerís Subcultural Theory, Charles R. Tittle, Criminology 27(2):(1989) 273-306.

 

Influences on Urbanism:A Test of Predictions from Three Perspectives, Charles R. Tittle, Social Problems 36(3):(June, 1989) 270-288.

 

 

Sept.19††††††††† Theories of Social Control:Internal Constraint Theories

 

Readings:

 

Testing the Core Empirical Implications of Gottredson and Hirschiís General Theory of Crime, Grasmick et al., Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 30(1):(Feb. 1993) 5-29.

 

Criminal Behavior and Age:A Test of Three Provocative Hypotheses, Charles R. Tittle and Harold G. Grasmick, The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 88(1): (Fall, 1997) 309-342.

 

Sept.†† 26††††††††††††† Theories of Social Control:External Constraint Theories

 

Readings:

 

Criminal Deterrence Research at the Outset of the Twenty-first Century, Daniel S. Nagin, Crime and Justice:A Review of Research (Tonry and Morris, eds), (1998), 1-42.

 

Personal Capital and Social Control:The Deterrence Implications of a Theory of Individual Differences in Criminal Offending, Daniel S. Nagin and Raymond Paternoster, Criminology 32(4):(1994) 581-606.

 

 

 

Course Outline (Cont.)

 

 

Oct.††††† 3†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Social Control and Policing

 

Readings:

 

Justice without Trial:Law Enforcement in Democratic Society, Jerome H. Skolnick, (3rd Edition, 1994),Chps 1-4.

 

Oct.††† 10††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Social Control and Policing (Cont.)

 

Readings:

 

Justice without Trial:Law Enforcement in Democratic Society, Jerome H. Skolnick, (3rd Edition, 1994),Chps 5-8.

 

Oct.†† 17††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Social Control and Policing (Cont.)

 

Readings:

 

Justice without Trial:Law Enforcement in Democratic Society, Jerome H. Skolnick, (3rd Edition, 1994),Chps 9-11, Epilogues A&B.

 

 

Oct.†† 24†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Social Control and Race

††††† †††††††††††††††††††

Readings:

 

Unequal Justice:A Question of Color, Coramae Richey Mann, (1993). Chps 1-3.

 

Oct.†† 31†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Social Control and Race (Cont.)

 

Readings:

 

Unequal Justice:A Question of Color, Coramae Richey Mann, (1993). Chps 4-6.†††

 

 

Nov.†††† 7††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Independent Study

 

Assignment:Reading list and materials for your paper presentation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nov.14††††††††††† Current Research on Race and Criminal Justice Outcomes

 

Readings:

 

The Interaction of Race, Gender, and Age in Criminal Sentencing:The Punishment Cost of Being Young, Black and Male, Steffensmeir et al., Criminology 36(4):(1998) 763-796.

 

Race, Racial Threat, and Sentencing of Habitual Offenders, Charles Crawford et al., Criminology 36(3):(1998) 481-511.

††††††††††††††††††††††

Nov.21†††††† Current Research on Race and Criminal Justice Outcomes (Cont.)

 

Readings:

 

Sentencing Guidelines and Racial Disparity across Time:Pennsylvania Prison Sentences in 1977, 1983, 1992, and 1993, Joe Gorton and John L. Boies, Social Science Quarterly 80(1):(March, 1999) 37-54.

 

Court Communities under Sentencing Guidelines:Dilemmas of Formal Rationality and Sentencing Disparity, Jeffery T. Ulmer and John H. Kramer, Criminology 34(3):(1996) 383-408.

 

Incarceration, Social Capital, and Crime:Implications for Social Disorganization Theory

Dina R. Rose and Todd R. Clear, Criminology 36(3):(1998) 441-479.

 

Nov.†† 28†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paper Presentations

 

Dec.††† 5†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paper Presentations

 

Dec.†† 12†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Paper Presentations

 

Dec.†† 19††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Final Papers Due

 

 

If you need special accommodations in order to meet any of the requirements of this course, please contact me as soon as possible.