Sociology 193

From Buffalo to Bingo: Changing American Indian Societies

        Fall, 2001




Class Meetings:  TR 12:30 P.M to 1:45 P.M.

                             BUS S233

Instructor:          Donald E. Green


Office:                706 Bolton Hall    

Office Hours:    TR 11:30 P.M. ‑12:30 P.M. or by appointment

Office Phone:     229‑4259


Reflector Address:  soc193


Also see these web sites:    



The Course:  Change has been a central feature of the American Indian experience since European contact.  This course will examine change in American Indian societies from the period of first contact with European societies to the present.  Sociological theories of social change will be introduced and utilized to account for change in the economic, social and political institutions of American Indian societies.   Particular attention will be given to the diversity of the American Indian response to western cultural, political and economic influences, as well as contemporary manifestations of change, including urbanization, economic development, and political activism.


Class Attendance:  Class attendance is a requirement of the course.  Regular attendance affords you the opportunity to ask questions about current reading assignments, be exposed to information not included in the required reading assignments as well as other materials such as videotape presentations, films and guest speakers.


Class Participation:   Class participation is a requirement of the course.  Participation includes contributions to class discussion, involvement in group activities and assignments, and other individual in class writing to learn assignments throughout the course.  


Research Paper:   A research paper on a topic related to the American Indian experience is a requirement of the course.  Although students will be graded on the completed paper, assignments related to paper will be given throughout the course.   The first assignment will be a one-page summary of the focus of the paper.  The second assignment will be a working bibliography of research materials to be used in writing the paper.  An outline of the paper will be the third assignment, and the fourth and fifth assignments will be a first and second "drafts" of the final paper.  The sixth assignment will be the final version of the paper.


Examinations:   There will be three in class examinations, two unannounced, during the semester.  The examinations will be in short essay format.  The third examination will be given on the last day of class.   A final examination will be given during the regularly scheduled final examination week.


Make‑Up Examinations:  Make‑up examinations will be given only for excused absences.  The instructor will determine excused absences. 


Grades   Student grades will be based on the percentage of total points obtained on from class participation, assignments, examinations, and the research paper.  The breakdown of points in the

class are as follows:


Class participation   50

Assignments            50

Examinations         150

Research Paper      100

Total Points           350


 Grades will be distributed according to the following ranges:


                         94‑100 %     A 

                         90‑93  %     A‑

                         87‑89  %     B+

                         84‑86  %     B

                         80‑83  %     B‑

                         77‑79  %     C+

                         74‑76  %     C

                         70‑73  %     C‑

                         67‑69  %     D+

                         64‑66  %     D

                         60‑63  %     D‑

                          0‑59  %     F



Please Note:  Distribution of final grades will be based on the highest point total for the class. There will be no extra‑credit opportunities and no deviation from the above breakdowns.










Required Text:


1.  American Indians:  Stereotypes and Realities (1996)

     Devon A. Mihesuah.   Clarity Press, Inc. (Atlanta, GA.)



Additional Readings on Reserve:



Champagne, Duane  (1989).  American Indian Societies:  Strategies and Conditions of  Political and Cultural Survival.   Cultural Survival, Inc.: Cambridge, MA.  Chps. 1 and 8.


Deloria, Vine, Jr. and Clifford M. Lytle (1983).  American Indians, American Justice. University of Texas Press: Austin, TX.  Chps. 1 and 2.


Goldenberg, Sheldon (1997).  Thinking Sociologically.  Oxford University Press:New York.

Chps. 1,2 and 3.


Nagel, Joane (1997).  American Indian Ethnic Renewal.  Oxford University Press:New York.

Chps. 1, 5 and 9.


Sandefur, Gary et al. (1996).  Changing Numbers, Changing Needs:  American Indian Demography and Public Health.  National Research Council:Washington, D.C.  Chps. 2 and 5.


Snipp, C. Mathew (1989)  American Indians, First of this Land.  Russell Sage Foundation:NewYork.

Chps. 1-3.


Cornell, Stephen (1989)  Return of the Native:  American Indian Political Resurgence.  Oxford University Press:New York. Chps. 8 and 9.









Sept. 4




Readings:    Goldenberg, Chp. 1,  "Social Science and the Perspectives in Sociology."



Sept.  6


Assignment:  Timetable and Master Plan due


Readings: Goldenberg, Chp. 2, "Some Fundamental Characteristics of the Scientific Mode of Thinking."



Sept.  11


Assignment:  Email me by today with a question about the course.


Readings: Goldenberg, Chp. 3, "Premises, Evaluation Criteria, and Principal Methods of Sociology."



Sept.  13


Assignment:  Find one scholarly work on American Indians; write 3-5 page summary.


Readings:  Deloria and Lytle ,  Chp. 1    "American Indians in Historical Perspective."



Sept.  18


Assignment:  Send a question about university life to the Class Reflector.


Readings:  Snipp, Chp. 1,  "American Indian Demography in Historic Perspective."












Sept. 20          Freshman Scholars’ Picnic  10:45-1:30.


Assignment:  Summary of  scholarly work on American Indians due.


Readings:  Champagne,  Chps. 1 and 8.



Sept. 25


Assignment:  Arrange a meeting with me.


Readings: Snipp, Chp. 2, "Who Are American Indians?"



Sept. 27


Assignment:  One page summary of research paper topic


Readings:  Snipp, Chp. 3, "Dimensions of the American Indian Population."



Oct.    2


Assignment:  Meet with me.


Readings:  Deloria and Lytle, Chp. 2, "Federal Responsibility and Power over Indian Affairs."



Oct.    4


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings: Sandefur, et. al., Chp. 2, "The Size and Distribution of the American Indian Population:  Fertility, Mortality, Migration, and Residence."










Oct.    9


Assignment:  Working bibliography for research paper.


Readings:  Nagel, Chp. 1, "Constructing Ethnic Identity."



Oct.   11


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector


Readings:  Nagel, Chp. 5, "The Politics of American Indian Ethnicity:  Solving the Puzzle of Indian Ethnic Resurgence."



Oct.   16


Assignment:  Send Discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings:  Nagel, Chp. 9, "The Problematics of American Indian Ethnicity;"  Sandefur, et. al., Chp. 5, "Tribal Membership Requirements and the Demography of 'Old' and 'New' Americans."



Oct.   18


Assignment:  Send Discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings:  Cornell, Chp. 8, "The Politics of Indianness."  Chp. 9, "Who Wants What?"



Oct.   23


Assignment:  Outline of research paper.


Readings: Mihesuah, Introduction; Chp. 1, "Stereotype:  Indians are all alike;" and Chp. 2,  "Stereotype:  Indians were conquered because they were inferior."







Oct.   25


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings: Mihesuah, Chp. 3, "Stereotype:  If Indians had united, they could have prevented the European invasion," and Chp. 4, "Stereotype:  Indians had no civilization until Europeans brought it to them."


Oct.  30


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings: :  Mihesuah, Chp. 5, "Stereotype:  Indians arrived in this hemisphere via the Siberian Land Bridge," and Chp. 6, "Stereotype:  Indians were warlike and treacherous."


Nov.   1


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings: Mihesuah, Chp. 7, "Stereotype:  Indians had nothing to contribute to Europeans or the growth of America," and Chp. 8, "Stereotype:  Indians did not value or empower women."


Nov.    6


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings: :  Mihesuah, Chp. 9, "Stereotype:  Indians have no religion," and Chp. 10, "Stereotype:  Indians welcome outsiders to study and participate in their religious ceremonies."


Nov.   8


Assignment:  First draft of research paper.


Readings:  Mihesuah, Chp. 11, "Stereotype:  Indians are a vanished race," and Chp. 12, "Stereotype: Indians are confined to reservations, live in tipis, wear braids, and ride horses."






Nov.  13


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings: Mihesuah, Chp. 13, "Stereotype:  Indians have no reason to be unpatriotic," and Chp. 14, "Stereotype:  Indians get a free ride from the government."



Nov.  15


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings :  :  Mihesuah, Chp. 15, "Stereotype:  Indians' affairs are managed for them by the B.I.A.," and Chp. 16, "Stereotype:  Indians are not capable of completing school."



Nov.  20


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings:  :  Mihesuah, Chp. 17, "Stereotype:  Indians cannot vote or hold office," and Chp. 18, "Stereotype:  Indians have a tendency toward alcoholism."



Nov.  27


Assignment:  Second draft of research paper.


Readings:  Mihesuah, Chp. 19, "Stereotype:  'My grandmother was an Indian'," and Chp. 20, "Stereotype, Indians are all fullbloods."



Nov.  29


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings: Mihesuah, Chp. 21, "Stereotype:  All Indians have an 'Indian name'," and Chp. 22, "Stereotype: All Indians know the histories, languages, and cultural aspects of their own tribe and all other tribes .









Dec.   4


Assignment:  Send discussion question to Class Reflector.


Readings: Mihesuah, Chp. 23, "Stereotype:  Indians are stoic and have no sense of humor," Chp. 24, "Stereotype:  Indians like having their picture taken," and "Afterword: The Effects of Stereotyping."



Dec.   6


Assignment:  Paper presentations



Dec.  11


Assignment:  Paper presentations


Final Version of research paper due



Dec. 13


Examination 3



Dec. 19                   12:30-2:30


Final Examination




If you need special accommodations in order to meet any of the requirements of this course, please contact me as soon as possible.