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Sociology 241
Criminology
Spring, 2002
 
What is Criminology?

Criminology is the scientific approach to:
a. the study of criminal behavivor
b. society's reaction to law violations and 
    violators

Origins of criminological study can be found in:

Sociology
Criminal Justice
Political Science
Psychology
Economics
Natural Science

Historical Roots of Criminology

Untilitarian philosophy of Becarria
Biological Determinism of Lombroso
Social Theory of Durkheim
Political philosophy of Marx

Categories of Contemporary Criminological Theories

Classical/Choice Perspective
Biological/Psychological Perspective
Structural Perspective
Process Perspective
Conflict Perspective
Intergrated Perspective

Differing Views on the causes and controls of criminal behavior

Consensus view
Conflict view
Interactionist view

The Criminological Enterprise

Criminal statistics
Sociology of Law
Theory Construction
Criminal Behavioral Systems
Penology
Victomology


Doing Criminology: Types of Research

Survey research
Cohort reserach
Aggregate Data reserach
Experimental research
Observational research

Ethics in research

Political and social consequences of criminological research must be
considered.
What standards should apply? Who should set the standards?