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Sociology 321
Contemporary Issues of the American Indian
Spring, 2002
 
Sociology 321
Contemporary Issues of the American Indian


American Indian Identity

   I.  Dimensions of Indian Identity

       A.  Cultural

       B.  Political

       C.  Legal

  II.  Indicators of Indian Identity

       A.  Language

       B.  Residence

       C.  Cultural

       D.  Community Recognition

       E.  Degree of "blood"

       F.  Genealogical lines of Descent

       G.  Self-Identification

 III.  Tribal Membership Requirements

       A.  Vary from tribe to tribe

       B.  Criteria set forth in tribal constitutions

       c.  Approved by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)

  IV.  Other Dimensions of Tribal Membership

       A.  Historical roots of the enrollment process

       B.  Courts have tested requirements

       C.  Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB)

   V.  Implications of Urbanization and Intermarriage

       A.  "Old" and "new" American Indians