Selected Reference Documents, Web Sites, and Readings
Compiled by Steven
University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee School of Information Studies
Updated June 1, 2011
Meta + Data = Data about data: structured statements (properties and values) that give information about information and knowledge resources, information that may be used to organize, describe, find, access, index, collocate, structure, navigate, preserve, and manage those resources. Metadata is logically separate from the resource it is about, even when embedded within the resource. "Descriptive Metadata" consists of data elements and values for resource description and discovery (access, retrieval): data elements that connect users to information resources in a structured, controlled way.
Introductions to Metadata for Cultural Heritage Applications
Typology of Metadata Standards
Diagram created by Steven J. Miller
The first four parts of this typology have been taken and adapted from various sources in recent metadata literature, including the following, among others:
- Gilliland, Anne J. "Setting the Stage." In Baca, Murtha (editor). Introduction to Metadata. Second [Revised] Edition. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2008. Page 3. Also available online in Version 3.0: http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intrometadata/setting.html
- Zeng, Marcia Lei & Jian Qin. Metadata. New York: Neal-Schuman, 2008. Page 15.
- Elings, Mary W. and Günter Waibel. "Metadata for All: Descriptive Standards and Metadata Sharing across Libraries, Archives and Museums.” First Monday 12:3 (March 2007). http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue12_3/elings/index.html
- Descriptive Metadata Guidelines for RLG Cultural Materials. RLG, 2005. Pages 3-5. http://www.oclc.org/programs/ourwork/past/culturalmaterials/RLG_desc_metadata.pdf
- Karim Boughida, "CDWA Lite for Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO): A New XML Schema for the Cultural Heritage Community," in Humanities, Computers and Cultural Heritage: Proceedings of the XVI International Conference of the Association for History and Computing: 14–17 (September 2005) (Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2005). Available at http://www.knaw.nl/publicaties/pdf/20051064.pdf
I have added the fifth category in response to RDA's identification of ISBD punctuation as a presentation standard which can be separated from the bibliographic elements and content rules. The examples given above are a mix of formal international or national standards and informal local standards.
For a more comprehensive graphical overview of
Seeing Standards: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe by Jenn Riley: http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/~jenlrile/metadatamap/
Metadata Standards and Resources
1. General Metadata Resources
2. Metadata Structure Standards (Element Sets or Schemes/Schemas)
Catalogablog [Current news and announcements related to cataloging and metadata]
Coyle's Information [Karen Coyle's blog]
International Journal of Metadata, Semantics and Ontologies (IJMSO)
Journal of Library Metadata
Metadata Blog [ALCTS Metadata Interest Group]
MetadataLibrarians e-mail discussion list
Metadata Matters [Dianne Hillmann's blog]
Planet Cataloging [Compilation from various blogs on cataloging and metadata]
Seeing Standards: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe by Jenn Riley
CDWA: Categories for the Description of Works of Art3. Metadata Value Standards (Controlled Vocabularies; Syntax Encoding Schemes)
DCMI: Dublin Core Metadata Initiative DDI: Data Documentation Initiative
EAD: Encoded Archival Description
FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
INDECS: INteroperability of Data in E-Commerce Systems
LOM: IEEE Learning Object Metadata
MARC 21: Machine Readable Cataloging
MODS: Metadata Object Description Schema
MPEG: Moving Picture Experts Group
ONIX for Books (ONline Information eXchange)
RDA (Resource Description and Access) Vocabularies
TEI: Text Encoding Initiative VRA: Visual Resources Association Core Categories
AAT: Art & Architecture Thesaurus4. Metadata Encoding, Exchange, Format, and Interoperability Standards
DCMI Type Vocabulary ISO 3166 Country Codes ISO 639-2 Language Codes FAST: Faceted Application of Subject Terminology
LC Authorities (LCNAF and LCSH)
LC Authorities & Vocabularies (in RDF/SKOS for Linked Data and the Semantic Web)LCTGM: Thesaurus for Graphic Materials IMT: Internet Media Types (MIME) TGN: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
ULAN: Union List of Artist Names
Virtual International Authority FileW3CDTF: W3C Date & Time Formats
METS: Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard
MODS XML Schemas
OAI: Open Archives Initiative
VRA 4.0 XML SchemasXML: Extensible Markup Language
5. Metadata Mappings / Crosswalks
Metadata Mappings (Crosswalks) [MIT Libraries]6. Metadata Models and Frameworks
Metadata Standards Crosswalk [Getty]
DCMI Abstract Model (DCAM) FRBR: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
FRAD: Functional Requirements for Authority Data
<indecs> metadata framework
RDF: Resource Description FrameworkTopic Maps
7. Semantic Web and Linked Data
8. Resource Description and Access (RDA)
OWL: Web Ontology LanguageRDF: Resource Description Framework
SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organization SystemW3C Semantic Web Activity
URIs, URLs, and URNs: Clarifications and Recommendations 1.0 / W3C
9. Application Profiles, Data Dictionaries, Best Practice Guides
RDA Elements and Vocabularies Registry (Open Metadata Registry)
RDA Toolkit Home PageRDA: Resource Description and Access / Joint Steering Committee (JSC) for Development of RDA
"RDA Vocabularies: Process, Outcome, Use", D-Lib Magazine, Jan. 2010
DC-Library Application Profile (DC-Lib)10. Digital Library Examples
Guidelines for Dublin Core Application Profiles
Singapore Framework for Dublin Core Application Profiles
Scholarly Works Application Profile (SWAP)DLF/Aquifer Implementation Guidelines for Sharable MODS Records
CDP Dublin Core Metadata Best Practices
IMLS: A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections
Indiana Memory Project Dublin Core Metadata Guide
Mountain West Digital Library Dublin Core Application ProfileNINCH Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials
OhioLINK Digital Media Center Metadata Application Profile
TDL MODS Application Profile for Electronic Theses and DissertationsUniversity of Washington Libraries Data Dictionaries / Application Profiles
California Digital Library11. Digital Collection Examples
Alexandria Digital Library Project The National Science Digital Library (NSDL)
American Memory: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library
University of North Texas Digital LibraryUniversity of Washington Libraries Digital Collections
University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee Digital Collections
12. Software and Tools
12.1. XML and MARC Editing Tools
<oXygen/> XML Editor
Altova XML Spy XML Editor
XML Notepad 2007 by Microsoft (free download)
12.2. Digital Collection Content Management Systems
CONTENTdm Digital Collection Management Software by OCLC
Insight + LUNA Software Suite by Luna Imaging
Greenstone Digital Library Software (open source)
12.3. Museum Database Software / Digital Asset Management Systems
Filemaker Pro database management software
PastPerfect museum software
12.4. Institutional Repositories
DSpace software (open source)
Fedora Commons Repository Software (open source)
12.5. Integrated Library System Vendor Products
DigiTool by Ex Libris
Content Pro by Innovative Interfaces
13. Continuing Education Events and Resources
ALCTS Conferences and Events Announcements
NISO Events and Webinars (including NISO/DCMI Webinars)
Cataloger's Learning Workshop: The Digital Library Environment (Cat 21)
w3schools tutorials (XML, XSLT, etc.)
Alexander, Arden, and Tracy Meehleib. 2001. "The Thesaurus for Graphic Materials: Its History, Use, and Future." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 31, no. 3/4: 189–212.
Arms, Caroline R., and William Y. Arms. 2004. "Mixed Content and Mixed Metadata: Information Discovery in a Messy World." In Metadata in Practice, edited by Diane Hillmann and Elaine Westbrooks, 223–237. Chicago: ALA.
Baca, Murtha, ed. 2008. Introduction to Metadata, 2nd ed., v. 3.0. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html.
Baca, Murtha, et al. 2008. "Practical Principles for Metadata Creation and Maintenance." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html.
Baca, Murtha, Patricia Harpring, Elisa Lanzi, Linda McRae, and Ann Baird Whiteside, ed. 2006. Cataloging Cultural Objects: A Guide to Describing Cultural Works and Their Images. Chicago: American Library Association.
Bauer, Charlie. 2005. "Institutional Repositories." In Technology for the Rest of Us: A Primer on Computer Technologies for the Low-Tech Librarian, edited by Nancy Courtney, 109–122. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.
Berners-Lee, James Hendler, and Ora Lassila. 2001. "The Semantic Web." Scientific American, May 17. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=the-semantic-web.
Bishoff, Liz, and Elizabeth S. Meagher. 2004. "Building Heritage Colorado: The Colorado Digitization Experience." In Metadata in Practice, edited by Diane Hillmann and Elaine Westbrooks, 17–36. Chicago: ALA.
Boiko, Bob. 2010. "Defining Data, Information, and Content: A CM Domain White Paper." Accessed November 1. http://www.metatorial.com/downloads/Boiko_Wp_DefiningDataInformationContent.pdf.
Bowen, Jennifer. 2008. "Metadata to Support Next-Generation Library Resource Discovery: Lessons from the eXtensible Catalog, Phase 1." Information Technology and Libraries, June: 6–19.
Bruce, Thomas R., and Diane I. Hillmann. 2004. "The Continuum of METADATA Quality: Defining, Expressing, Exploiting." In Metadata in Practice, edited by Diane Hillmann and Elaine Westbrooks, 238–256. Chicago: American Library Association.
Campbell, D. Grant. 2005. "Metadata, Metaphor,
and Metonymy." In Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer, edited by Richard P.
Smiraglia, 57–73. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.
Cantara, Linda. 2005. "METS: The Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 40, no. 3/4: 237–253.
Caplan, Priscilla. 2003. Metadata Fundamentals for All Librarians. Chicago: American Library Association.
Chopey, Michael A. 2005. "Planning and Implementing a Metadata-Driven Digital Repository." In Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer, edited by Richard P. Smiraglia, 255–287. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press.
Coyle, Karen. 2005a. "Descriptive Metadata for Copyright Status." First Monday 10, no. 10. http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1282/1202 (accessed October 28, 2010).
Coyle, Karen. 2005b. "Understanding Metadata and its Purpose." Journal of Academic Librarianship 31, no. 2 (March): 160–163.
Coyle, Karen. 2010. Understanding the Semantic Web: Bibliographic Data and Metadata. Library Technology Reports, vol. 46, no. 1. Chicago: American Library Association.
Coyle, Karen. 2010. RDA Vocabularies for a Twenty-first Century Data Environment. Library Technology Reports, vol. 46, no. 2. Chicago: American Library Association.
Coyle, Karen, and Thomas Baker. 2009. "Guidelines for Dublin Core Application Profiles." Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. http://dublincore.org/documents/profile-guidelines/index.shtml.
DLF (Digital Library Federation). 2005. "Summary of OAI Metadata Best Practices." Last modified November 29. http://www.diglib.org/architectures/oai/imls2004/training/MetadataFinal.pdf.
DLF (Digital Library Federation). 2007. "Best Practices for OAI Data Provider Implementations and Shareable Metadata." Last modified July 10. http://webservices.itcs.umich.edu/mediawiki/oaibp/index.php/Main_Page.
DLF Aquifer Metadata Working Group. 2009. “Digital Library Federation / Aquifer Implementation Guidelines for Shareable MODS Records.” Version 1.1. March. https://wiki.dlib.indiana.edu/confluence/download/attachments/24288/DLFMODS_ImplementationGuidelines.pdf.
DLF/NSDL Working Group on OAI PMH Best Practices. 2007. "Best Practices for OAI PMH Data Provider Implementations and Shareable Metadata." Edited by Sarah L. Shreeves, Jenn Riley, and Kat Hagedorn. Digital Library Federation. http://www.diglib.org/pubs/dlf108.pdf.
Dushay, Naomi, and Diane Hillmann. 2003. "Analyzing Metadata for Effective Use and Re-Use." In DC-2003—Proceedings of the International DCMI Metadata Conference and Workshop, September 28–October 2, 2003, Seattle, Washington, USA. http://dcpapers.dublincore.org/ojs/pubs/article/view/744/740/.
Duval, Erik, Wayne Hodgins, Stuart Sutton, and Stuart L. Weibel. 2002. "Metadata Principles and Practicalities." D-Lib Magazine 8, no. 4 (April). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april02/weibel/04weibel.html.
Elings, Mary W. and Günter Waibel. 2007. "Metadata for All: Descriptive Standards and Metadata Sharing across Libraries, Archives and Museums." First Monday 12, no. 3 (March). http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue12_3/elings/index.html.
Foulonneau, Muriel, and Jenn Riley. 2008. Metadata for Digital Resources: Implementation, Systems Design and Interoperability. Oxford: Chandos.
Gill, Tony. 2008. "Metadata and the Web." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html.
Gilliland, Anne J. 2008. "Setting the Stage." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html.
Greenberg, Jane. 2005. "Understanding Metadata and Metadata Schemes." In Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer, edited by Richard P. Smiraglia, 17–36. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press.
Guenther, Rebecca S. 2003. "MODS: The Metadata Object Description Schema." Libraries and the Academy 3, no.1 (January): 137–150.
Guenther, Rebecca S. 2004. "Using the Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) for Resource Description: Guidelines and Applications." Library Hi Tech 22, no. 2: 89–98.
Guenther, Rebecca, and Sally McCallum. 2003. "New Metadata Standards for Digital Resources: MODS and METS." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 29, no. 2 (Dec/Jan): 12–15.
Han, Myung-Ja, Christine Cho, Timothy W. Cole, and Amy S. Jackson. 2009. "Metadata for Special Collections in CONTENTdm: How to Improve Interoperability of Unique Fields Through OAI-PMH." Journal of Library Metadata 9, no. 3/4: 213–238.
Harpring, Patricia. 2002. "The Language of Images: Enhancing Access to Images by Applying Metadata Schemas and Structured Vocabularies." In Introduction to Art Image Access Issues, Tools, Standards, Strategies, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intro_aia/harpring.pdf.
Haynes, David. 2004. Metadata for Information Management and Retrieval. London: Facet.
Hicks, Emily A., Jody Perkins, and Margaret Beecher Maurer. 2007. "Application Profile Development for Consortial Digital Libraries: An OhioLINK Case Study." Library Resources and Technical Services 51, no. 2: 33–43.
Hillmann, Diane. 2005. "Using Dublin Core." Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. November 7. http://dublincore.org/documents/usageguide/.
Hillmann, Diane I., and Elaine L. Westbrooks. 2004. Metadata in Practice. Chicago: American Library Association.
Hillmann, Diane et al. 2010. "RDA Vocabularies: Process, Outcome, Use." D-Lib Magazine 16, no. 1/2 (January/February). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january10/hillmann/01hillmann.html.
Hodge, Gail. 2000. Systems of Knowledge Organization for Digital Libraries: Beyond Traditional Authority Files. The Digital Library Federation. http://www.diglib.org/pubs/dlf090/dlf090.pdf.
Hutt, Arwen, and Jenn Riley. 2005. "Semantics and Syntax of Dublin Core Usage in Open Archives Initiative Data Providers of Cultural Heritage Materials." In Proceedings of the 5th ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Denver, CO, June 7–11, 2005, 262–270. New York: ACM Press.
IFLA Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. 2010. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. Accessed November 24. http://www.ifla.org/en/publications/functional-requirements-for-bibliographic-records.
Indiana Memory Project. 2007. Dublin Core Metadata Guide. http://www.in.gov/library/files/dig_metast.pdf.
Intner, Sheila S., Susan S. Lazinger, and Jean Weihs. 2005. Metadata and Its Impact on Libraries. Library and Information Science Text Series. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.
Jackson, Amy S., Myung-Ja Han, Kurt Groetsch, Megan Mustafoff, and Timothy W. Cole. 2008. "Dublin Core Metadata Harvested Through OAI-PMH." Journal of Library Metadata 8, no. 1: 5–21.
Johnston, Pete. 2006. "Metadata Sharing and XML." In Good Practice Guide for Developers of Cultural Heritage Web Services. Bath, UK: UKOLN. Last modified January. http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/interop-focus/gpg/Metadata/.
Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA. 2009a. "RDA Element Analysis." Rev/4, July 1. http://www.rda-jsc.org/docs/5rda-elementanalysis-1.pdf.
Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA. 2009b. "RDA—Resource Description and Access: Scope and Structure." Rev/4, July 1. http://www.rda-jsc.org/docs/5rda-scoperev4.pdf.
Kalbach, James. 2008. "Navigating the Long Tail." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 34, no.2 (December/January): 36–38. http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Dec-07/kalbach.html.
Layne, Sara Shatford. 1994. "Some Issues in the Indexing of Images." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 45, no. 8: 583–588.
Layne, Sara Shatford. 2002. "Subject Access to Art Images." In Introduction to Art Image Access Issues, Tools, Standards, Strategies, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intro_aia/layne.pdf.
Layne, Sara Shatford, Patricia Harpring, Colum Hourihane, and Christine L. Sundt. 2002. Introduction to Art Image Access Issues, Tools, Standards, Strategies, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intro_aia/index.html.
Leise, Fred, Karl Fast, and Mike Steckel. 2002. "What Is a Controlled Vocabulary?" Boxes and Arrows. Last modified April 7. http://www.boxesandarrows.com/view/creating_a_controlled_vocabulary_.
Library of Congress. 1995. "II. Indexing Images: Some Principles." In Thesaurus for Graphic Materials I: Subject Terms (TGM I). http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm1/.
"Linked Data: Making Library Data Converse with the World." 2010. Presentation at ALCTS Preconference, June 24, Washington, D.C. http://presentations.ala.org/index.php?title=Thursday%2C_June_24.
Matusiak, Krystyna K. 2006. "Towards User-centered Indexing in Digital Image Collections." OCLC Systems & Services 22, no. 4: 283–298.
"Metadata Standards Crosswalk." 2009. Research at the Getty. Last modified June 9. www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intrometadata/crosswalks.html.
Miller, Eric. 1998. "An Introduction to the Resource Description Framework." D-Lib Magazine (May). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/may98/miller/05miller.html.
Miller, Steven J. 2010. "The One-to-One Principle: Challenges in Current Practice." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, edited by Diane I. Hillmann and Michael Lauruhn, 150–164. http://dcpapers.dublincore.org/ojs/pubs/article/view/1043.
Morville, Peter, and Louis Rosenfeld. 2006. Information Architecture for the World Wide Web. 3rd edition. Sebastopol: O'Reilly.
National Science Digital Library. 2004. "Ten Commandments For Metadata Quality." In “Getting a Leg Up on the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH),” 5–7. http://www.ideals.uiuc.edu/bitstream/2142/75/4/2620_National_Science_Digital_Library_Conference.doc.pdf.
Nevile, Liddy, and Sophie Lissonnet. 2006. "Dublin Core and Museum Information: Metadata as Cultural Heritage Data." International Journal of Metadata, Semantics and Ontologies 1, no. 3: 198–206.
Nilsson, Mikael, Thomas Baker, and Pete Johnston. 2008. "The Singapore Framework for Dublin Core Application Profiles." http://dublincore.org/documents/2008/01/14/singapore-framework/.
NINCH (National Initiative for a Networked Cultural Heritage). 2002. NINCH Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials. http://www.nyu.edu/its/humanities/ninchguide/index.html.
NISO (National Information Standards Organization). 2004. “Understanding Metadata.” Bethesda, MD: NISO Press. http://www.niso.org/publications/press/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf.
NISO (National Information Standards Organization). 2005. ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 - Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies. Bethesda, Maryland: NISO Press. http://www.niso.org/kst/reports/standardsstep=2&gid=None&project_key=7cc9b583cb5a62e8c15d3099e0bb46bbae9cf38a.
NISO (National Information Standards Organization). 2007. A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections, 3rd edition. NISO. http://framework.niso.org/.
NISO/DCMI. 2010. "Dublin Core: The Road from Metadata Formats to Linked Data." Joint NISO/DCMI Webinar, August 25. Presentation slides by Makx Dekkers and Thomas Baker available: http://dublincore.org/resources/training/.
OAI (Open Archives Initiative). 2008. OAI-PMH (The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting) Protocol Version 2.0 of 2002-06-14. Document Version 2008-12-07T20:42:00Z. http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/openarchivesprotocol.htm.
"Obtain the Getty Vocabularies." 2010. The Getty. Last modified March 23. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/license.html.
OhioLINK Database Management and Standards Committee (DMSC) Metadata Task Force 2006. OhioLINK Digital Media Center (DMC) Metadata Application Profile. Columbus, Ohio: OhioLINK. Issued August 21. http://silver.ohiolink.edu/dms/dmccontribution/DMC_AP.pdf.
Powell, Andy, Mikael Nilsson, Ambjörn Naeve, Pete Johnston, and Thomas Baker. 2007. "DCMI Abstract Model." Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. http://dublincore.org/documents/2007/04/02/abstract-model/.
Rettig, Patricia J. 2002. "Administrative Metadata for Digital Images: A Real World Application of the NISO Standard." Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services 26: 173–179.
Riley, Jenn, John Chapman, Sarah Shreeves, Laura Akerman, and William Landis. 2008. "Promoting Shareability: Metadata Activities of the DLF Aquifer Initiative." Journal of Library Metadata 8, no. 3: 221–248.
Rhyno, Art. 2005. "Introduction to XML." In Technology for the Rest of Us: A Primer on Computer Technologies for the Low-Tech Librarian, edited by Nancy Courtney, 71–84. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.
RLG. 2005. “Terminology.” In Descriptive Metadata Guidelines for RLG Cultural Materials, 3–5. Mountain View, CA: RLG. http://www.oclc.org/programs/ourwork/past/culturalmaterials/RLG_desc_metadata.pdf.
Shreeves, Sarah L. 2005. "The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting." In Technology for the Rest of Us: A Primer on Computer Technologies for the Low-Tech Librarian, edited by Nancy Courtney.85–108. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.
Shreeves, Sarah L., Jenn Riley, and Liz Milewicz. 2006. "Moving Towards Shareable Metadata." First Monday 11, no. 8. http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1386/1304.
Smiraglia, Richard P., ed. 2005. Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer. New York: Haworth. Copublished simultaneously as Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 40, no. 3/4 (2005).
St. Pierre, Margaret, and William P. LaPlant. 1998. "Issues in Crosswalking: Content Metadata Standards." NISO Standards White Paper. October 15. http://www.niso.org/publications/white_papers/crosswalk/.
Sutton, Stuart. 2007. "Tutorial 1: Basic Semantics." Presentation at DC-2007: International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, Singapore, August 27–31.. http://dublincore.org/resources/training/dc-2007/T1-BasicSemantics.pdf.
Tauberer, Joshua. 2008. "What Is RDF and What Is It Good For?" RDF: About. Last modified January. http://www.rdfabout.com/intro/.
TDL (Texas Digital Library) Metadata Working Group. 2005. “MODS Application Profile for Electronic Theses and Dissertations,” Version 1, December. http://www.tdl.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/etd_mods_profile.pdf.
TDL (Texas Digital Library) Metadata Working
Group. 2008. “Texas Digital Library Descriptive Metadata Guidelines for
Electronic Theses and Dissertations,” Version 1.0, June.
Thurman, Alexander C. 2005. "Metadata Standards for Archival Control: An Introduction to EAD and EAC." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 40, no. 3/4: 183–212.
Tillett, Barbara B. 1991. "A Taxonomy of Bibliographic Relationships." Library Resources & Technical Services 35, no. 2 (April): 150–158.
Tillett, Barbara B. 1991. 2001. "Bibliographic Relationships." In Relationships in the Organization of Knowledge, edited by Carol A. Bean and Rebecca Green, 19–35. Information Science and Knowledge Management, v. 2. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Wendler, Robin. 2004. "Eye of the Beholder: Challenges of Image Description and Access at Harvard." In Metadata in Practice, edited by Diane Hillmann and Elaine Westbrooks, 51–69. Chicago: American Library Association.
Whalen, Maureen. 2008. "Rights Metadata Made Simple." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html.
Woodley, Mary. 2008. "Crosswalks, Metadata Harvesting, Federated Searching, Metasearching: Using Metadata to Connect Users and Information." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html.
Yott, Patrick. 2005. In Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer, edited by Richard P. Smiraglia, 213–235. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press.
Zeng, Marcia Lei, and Jian Qin. 2008. Metadata. New York: Neal-Schuman.
last updated: June 1, 2011
Compiled and maintained by Steven J. Miller, University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee