Metadata Resources
Selected Reference Documents, Web Sites, and Readings

Compiled by Steven J. Miller
University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee School of Information Studies
Updated June 1, 2011
 


Metadata


Introductions to Metadata for Cultural Heritage Applications


Typology of Metadata Standards

  1. Data Structure Standards (element sets; schemes, schemas, or schemata) (examples: Dublin Core, MODS, CDWA, VRA, LOM, MARC fields, RDA elements)
  2. Data Content Standards (cataloging rules, input standards, best practice guides) (examples: RDA, AACR2, CCO, DACS)
  3. Data Value Standards (controlled vocabularies, encoding schemes) (examples: LCSH, AAT, TGN, LCTGM, ULAN, W3CDTF, DCMIType)
  4. Data Format / Technical Interchange Standards (encoding standards for machine processing and interchange) (examples: XML, SGML, MARC)
  5. Data Presentation Standards (examples: ISBD punctuation, CSS and/or XSLT for display, OPAC display settings)

Diagram created by Steven J. Miller

The first four parts of this typology have been taken and adapted from various sources in recent metadata literature, including the following, among others:

I have added the fifth category in response to RDA's identification of ISBD punctuation as a presentation standard which can be separated from the bibliographic elements and content rules.  The examples given above are a mix of formal international or national standards and informal local standards. 

For a more comprehensive graphical overview of metadata standards:
   Seeing Standards: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe
by Jenn Riley
: http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/~jenlrile/metadatamap/


Metadata Standards and Resources

Contents
  1. General Metadata Resources
  2. Metadata Structure Standards (Element Sets or Schemes)
  3. Metadata Value Standards (Controlled Vocabularies; Syntax Encoding Schemes)
  4. Metadata Encoding, Exchange, Format, and Interoperability Standards
  5. Metadata Mappings / Crosswalks
  6. Metadata Models and Frameworks
  7. Semantic Web and Linked Data
  8. Resource Description and Access (RDA)
  9. Application Profiles, Data Dictionaries, Best Practice Guides
  10. Digital Library Examples
  11. Digital Collection Examples
  12. Software and Tools
  13. Continuing Education Events and Resources

Selected Readings


1. General Metadata Resources

Ariadne Magazine

Catalogablog [Current news and announcements related to cataloging and metadata]

Coyle's Information [Karen Coyle's blog]

D-Lib Magazine

International Journal of Metadata, Semantics and Ontologies (IJMSO)

Journal of Library Metadata

Metadata Blog [ALCTS Metadata Interest Group]

MetadataLibrarians e-mail discussion list

Metadata Matters [Dianne Hillmann's blog]

Planet Cataloging [Compilation from various blogs on cataloging and metadata]

Seeing Standards: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe by Jenn Riley

2. Metadata Structure Standards (Element Sets or Schemes/Schemas)

CDWA: Categories for the Description of Works of Art

DCMI: Dublin Core Metadata Initiative

DDI: Data Documentation Initiative

EAD: Encoded Archival Description

FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata

INDECS: INteroperability of Data in E-Commerce Systems

LOM: IEEE Learning Object Metadata

MARC 21: Machine Readable Cataloging

MODS: Metadata Object Description Schema

MPEG: Moving Picture Experts Group

ONIX for Books (ONline Information eXchange)

RDA (Resource Description and Access) Vocabularies

TEI: Text Encoding Initiative

VRA: Visual Resources Association Core Categories
3. Metadata Value Standards (Controlled Vocabularies; Syntax Encoding Schemes)

AAT: Art & Architecture Thesaurus

DCMI Type Vocabulary

ISO 3166 Country Codes

ISO 639-2 Language Codes

FAST: Faceted Application of Subject Terminology

LC Authorities (LCNAF and LCSH)

LC Authorities & Vocabularies (in RDF/SKOS for Linked Data and the Semantic Web)

LCTGM: Thesaurus for Graphic Materials

IMT: Internet Media Types (MIME)

TGN: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

ULAN: Union List of Artist Names

Virtual International Authority File

W3CDTF: W3C Date & Time Formats
4. Metadata Encoding, Exchange, Format, and Interoperability Standards
MARCXML

METS: Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard

MODS XML Schemas

OAI: Open Archives Initiative

VRA 4.0 XML Schemas

XML: Extensible Markup Language

5. Metadata Mappings / Crosswalks

Metadata Mappings (Crosswalks) [MIT Libraries]

Metadata Standards Crosswalk [Getty]

MARC Mappings

MODS Mappings
6. Metadata Models and Frameworks

DCMI Abstract Model (DCAM)

FRBR: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records

FRAD: Functional Requirements for Authority Data

<indecs> metadata framework

RDF: Resource Description Framework

Topic Maps

7. Semantic Web and Linked Data

Linked Data

OWL: Web Ontology Language

RDF: Resource Description Framework

SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organization System

W3C Semantic Web Activity

URIs, URLs, and URNs: Clarifications and Recommendations 1.0 / W3C

8. Resource Description and Access (RDA)

RDA Elements and Vocabularies Registry (Open Metadata Registry)

RDA Toolkit Home Page

RDA: Resource Description and Access / Joint Steering Committee (JSC) for Development of RDA

"RDA Vocabularies: Process, Outcome, Use", D-Lib Magazine, Jan. 2010

9. Application Profiles, Data Dictionaries, Best Practice Guides

DC-Library Application Profile (DC-Lib)

Guidelines for Dublin Core Application Profiles

Singapore Framework for Dublin Core Application Profiles

Scholarly Works Application Profile (SWAP)

DLF/Aquifer Implementation Guidelines for Sharable MODS Records

CDP Dublin Core Metadata Best Practices

IMLS: A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections

Indiana Memory Project Dublin Core Metadata Guide

Mountain West Digital Library Dublin Core Application Profile

NINCH Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials

OhioLINK Digital Media Center Metadata Application Profile

TDL MODS Application Profile for Electronic Theses and Dissertations

University of Washington Libraries Data Dictionaries / Application Profiles
10. Digital Library Examples

California Digital Library

Alexandria Digital Library Project

The National Science Digital Library (NSDL)
11. Digital Collection Examples

American Memory: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library

University of North Texas Digital Library

University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections

University of Wisconsin Digital Collections

University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee Digital Collections

12. Software and Tools

12.1. XML and MARC Editing Tools

<oXygen/> XML Editor

Altova XML Spy XML Editor

MarcEdit (free)

XML Notepad 2007 by Microsoft (free download)

12.2. Digital Collection Content Management Systems

CONTENTdm Digital Collection Management Software by OCLC

Insight + LUNA Software Suite by Luna Imaging

Greenstone Digital Library Software (open source)

12.3. Museum Database Software / Digital Asset Management Systems

Filemaker Pro database management software

PastPerfect museum software

12.4. Institutional Repositories

DSpace software (open source)

Fedora Commons Repository Software (open source)

12.5. Integrated Library System Vendor Products

DigiTool by Ex Libris

Content Pro by Innovative Interfaces

13. Continuing Education Events and Resources

ALCTS Conferences and Events Announcements

NISO Events and Webinars (including NISO/DCMI Webinars)

Cataloger's Learning Workshop: The Digital Library Environment (Cat 21)

w3schools tutorials (XML, XSLT, etc.)


Selected Readings

Alexander, Arden, and Tracy Meehleib. 2001. "The Thesaurus for Graphic Materials: Its History, Use, and Future." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 31, no. 3/4: 189–212.

Arms, Caroline R., and William Y. Arms. 2004. "Mixed Content and Mixed Metadata: Information Discovery in a Messy World." In Metadata in Practice, edited by Diane Hillmann and Elaine Westbrooks, 223–237. Chicago: ALA.

Baca, Murtha, ed. 2008. Introduction to Metadata, 2nd ed., v. 3.0. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html.

Baca, Murtha, et al. 2008. "Practical Principles for Metadata Creation and Maintenance." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html

Baca, Murtha, Patricia Harpring, Elisa Lanzi, Linda McRae, and Ann Baird Whiteside, ed. 2006. Cataloging Cultural Objects: A Guide to Describing Cultural Works and Their Images. Chicago: American Library Association.

Bauer, Charlie. 2005. "Institutional Repositories." In Technology for the Rest of Us: A Primer on Computer Technologies for the Low-Tech Librarian, edited by Nancy Courtney, 109–122. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.

Berners-Lee, James Hendler, and Ora Lassila. 2001. "The Semantic Web." Scientific American, May 17. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=the-semantic-web

Bishoff, Liz, and Elizabeth S. Meagher. 2004. "Building Heritage Colorado: The Colorado Digitization Experience." In Metadata in Practice, edited by Diane Hillmann and Elaine Westbrooks, 17–36. Chicago: ALA.

Boiko, Bob. 2010. "Defining Data, Information, and Content: A CM Domain White Paper." Accessed November 1. http://www.metatorial.com/downloads/Boiko_Wp_DefiningDataInformationContent.pdf

Bowen, Jennifer. 2008. "Metadata to Support Next-Generation Library Resource Discovery: Lessons from the eXtensible Catalog, Phase 1." Information Technology and Libraries, June: 6–19.

Bruce, Thomas R., and Diane I. Hillmann. 2004. "The Continuum of METADATA Quality: Defining, Expressing, Exploiting." In Metadata in Practice, edited by Diane Hillmann and Elaine Westbrooks, 238–256. Chicago: American Library Association.

Campbell, D. Grant. 2005. "Metadata, Metaphor, and Metonymy." In Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer, edited by Richard P. Smiraglia, 57–73. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.

Cantara, Linda. 2005. "METS: The Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 40, no. 3/4: 237–253.

Caplan, Priscilla. 2003. Metadata Fundamentals for All Librarians. Chicago: American Library Association.

Chopey, Michael A. 2005. "Planning and Implementing a Metadata-Driven Digital Repository." In Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer, edited by Richard P. Smiraglia, 255–287. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press.

Coyle, Karen. 2005a. "Descriptive Metadata for Copyright Status." First Monday 10, no. 10. http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1282/1202 (accessed October 28, 2010).

Coyle, Karen. 2005b. "Understanding Metadata and its Purpose." Journal of Academic Librarianship 31, no. 2 (March): 160–163.

Coyle, Karen. 2010. Understanding the Semantic Web: Bibliographic Data and Metadata. Library Technology Reports, vol. 46, no. 1. Chicago: American Library Association.

Coyle, Karen. 2010. RDA Vocabularies for a Twenty-first Century Data Environment. Library Technology Reports, vol. 46, no. 2. Chicago: American Library Association.

Coyle, Karen, and Thomas Baker. 2009. "Guidelines for Dublin Core Application Profiles." Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. http://dublincore.org/documents/profile-guidelines/index.shtml

DLF (Digital Library Federation). 2005. "Summary of OAI Metadata Best Practices." Last modified November 29. http://www.diglib.org/architectures/oai/imls2004/training/MetadataFinal.pdf

DLF (Digital Library Federation). 2007. "Best Practices for OAI Data Provider Implementations and Shareable Metadata." Last modified July 10. http://webservices.itcs.umich.edu/mediawiki/oaibp/index.php/Main_Page

DLF Aquifer Metadata Working Group. 2009. “Digital Library Federation / Aquifer Implementation Guidelines for Shareable MODS Records.” Version 1.1. March. https://wiki.dlib.indiana.edu/confluence/download/attachments/24288/DLFMODS_ImplementationGuidelines.pdf

DLF/NSDL Working Group on OAI PMH Best Practices. 2007. "Best Practices for OAI PMH Data Provider Implementations and Shareable Metadata." Edited by Sarah L. Shreeves, Jenn Riley, and Kat Hagedorn. Digital Library Federation. http://www.diglib.org/pubs/dlf108.pdf

Dushay, Naomi, and Diane Hillmann. 2003. "Analyzing Metadata for Effective Use and Re-Use." In DC-2003—Proceedings of the International DCMI Metadata Conference and Workshop, September 28–October 2, 2003, Seattle, Washington, USA. http://dcpapers.dublincore.org/ojs/pubs/article/view/744/740/

Duval, Erik, Wayne Hodgins, Stuart Sutton, and Stuart L. Weibel. 2002. "Metadata Principles and Practicalities." D-Lib Magazine 8, no. 4 (April). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april02/weibel/04weibel.html

Elings, Mary W. and Günter Waibel. 2007. "Metadata for All: Descriptive Standards and Metadata Sharing across Libraries, Archives and Museums." First Monday 12, no. 3 (March). http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue12_3/elings/index.html

Foulonneau, Muriel, and Jenn Riley. 2008. Metadata for Digital Resources: Implementation, Systems Design and Interoperability. Oxford: Chandos.

Gill, Tony. 2008. "Metadata and the Web." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html

Gilliland, Anne J. 2008. "Setting the Stage." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html

Greenberg, Jane. 2005. "Understanding Metadata and Metadata Schemes." In Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer, edited by Richard P. Smiraglia, 17–36. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press.

Guenther, Rebecca S. 2003. "MODS: The Metadata Object Description Schema." Libraries and the Academy 3, no.1 (January): 137–150.

Guenther, Rebecca S. 2004. "Using the Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) for Resource Description: Guidelines and Applications." Library Hi Tech 22, no. 2: 89–98.

Guenther, Rebecca, and Sally McCallum. 2003. "New Metadata Standards for Digital Resources: MODS and METS." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 29, no. 2 (Dec/Jan): 12–15.

Han, Myung-Ja, Christine Cho, Timothy W. Cole, and Amy S. Jackson. 2009. "Metadata for Special Collections in CONTENTdm: How to Improve Interoperability of Unique Fields Through OAI-PMH." Journal of Library Metadata 9, no. 3/4: 213–238.

Harpring, Patricia. 2002. "The Language of Images: Enhancing Access to Images by Applying Metadata Schemas and Structured Vocabularies." In Introduction to Art Image Access Issues, Tools, Standards, Strategies, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intro_aia/harpring.pdf

Haynes, David. 2004. Metadata for Information Management and Retrieval. London: Facet.

Hicks, Emily A., Jody Perkins, and Margaret Beecher Maurer. 2007. "Application Profile Development for Consortial Digital Libraries: An OhioLINK Case Study." Library Resources and Technical Services 51, no. 2: 33–43.

Hillmann, Diane. 2005. "Using Dublin Core." Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. November 7. http://dublincore.org/documents/usageguide/

Hillmann, Diane I., and Elaine L. Westbrooks. 2004. Metadata in Practice. Chicago: American Library Association.

Hillmann, Diane et al. 2010. "RDA Vocabularies: Process, Outcome, Use." D-Lib Magazine 16, no. 1/2 (January/February). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january10/hillmann/01hillmann.html.

Hodge, Gail. 2000. Systems of Knowledge Organization for Digital Libraries: Beyond Traditional Authority Files. The Digital Library Federation. http://www.diglib.org/pubs/dlf090/dlf090.pdf

Hutt, Arwen, and Jenn Riley. 2005. "Semantics and Syntax of Dublin Core Usage in Open Archives Initiative Data Providers of Cultural Heritage Materials." In Proceedings of the 5th ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Denver, CO, June 7–11, 2005, 262–270. New York: ACM Press.

IFLA Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. 2010. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. Accessed November 24. http://www.ifla.org/en/publications/functional-requirements-for-bibliographic-records

Indiana Memory Project. 2007. Dublin Core Metadata Guide. http://www.in.gov/library/files/dig_metast.pdf

Intner, Sheila S., Susan S. Lazinger, and Jean Weihs. 2005. Metadata and Its Impact on Libraries. Library and Information Science Text Series. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.

Jackson, Amy S., Myung-Ja Han, Kurt Groetsch, Megan Mustafoff, and Timothy W. Cole. 2008. "Dublin Core Metadata Harvested Through OAI-PMH." Journal of Library Metadata 8, no. 1: 5–21.

Johnston, Pete. 2006. "Metadata Sharing and XML." In Good Practice Guide for Developers of Cultural Heritage Web Services. Bath, UK: UKOLN. Last modified January. http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/interop-focus/gpg/Metadata/

Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA. 2009a. "RDA Element Analysis." Rev/4, July 1. http://www.rda-jsc.org/docs/5rda-elementanalysis-1.pdf

Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA. 2009b. "RDA—Resource Description and Access: Scope and Structure." Rev/4, July 1. http://www.rda-jsc.org/docs/5rda-scoperev4.pdf

Kalbach, James. 2008. "Navigating the Long Tail." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 34, no.2 (December/January): 36–38. http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Dec-07/kalbach.html

Layne, Sara Shatford. 1994. "Some Issues in the Indexing of Images." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 45, no. 8: 583–588.

Layne, Sara Shatford. 2002. "Subject Access to Art Images." In Introduction to Art Image Access Issues, Tools, Standards, Strategies, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intro_aia/layne.pdf

Layne, Sara Shatford, Patricia Harpring, Colum Hourihane, and Christine L. Sundt. 2002. Introduction to Art Image Access Issues, Tools, Standards, Strategies, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intro_aia/index.html

Leise, Fred, Karl Fast, and Mike Steckel. 2002. "What Is a Controlled Vocabulary?" Boxes and Arrows. Last modified April 7. http://www.boxesandarrows.com/view/creating_a_controlled_vocabulary_

Library of Congress. 1995. "II. Indexing Images: Some Principles." In Thesaurus for Graphic Materials I: Subject Terms (TGM I). http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm1/

"Linked Data: Making Library Data Converse with the World." 2010. Presentation at ALCTS Preconference, June 24, Washington, D.C. http://presentations.ala.org/index.php?title=Thursday%2C_June_24

Matusiak, Krystyna K. 2006. "Towards User-centered Indexing in Digital Image Collections." OCLC Systems & Services 22, no. 4: 283–298.

"Metadata Standards Crosswalk." 2009. Research at the Getty. Last modified June 9. www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intrometadata/crosswalks.html

Miller, Eric. 1998. "An Introduction to the Resource Description Framework." D-Lib Magazine (May). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/may98/miller/05miller.html

Miller, Steven J. 2010. "The One-to-One Principle: Challenges in Current Practice." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, edited by Diane I. Hillmann and Michael Lauruhn, 150–164. http://dcpapers.dublincore.org/ojs/pubs/article/view/1043

Morville, Peter, and Louis Rosenfeld. 2006. Information Architecture for the World Wide Web. 3rd edition. Sebastopol: O'Reilly.

National Science Digital Library. 2004. "Ten Commandments For Metadata Quality." In “Getting a Leg Up on the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH),” 5–7. http://www.ideals.uiuc.edu/bitstream/2142/75/4/2620_National_Science_Digital_Library_Conference.doc.pdf

Nevile, Liddy, and Sophie Lissonnet. 2006. "Dublin Core and Museum Information: Metadata as Cultural Heritage Data." International Journal of Metadata, Semantics and Ontologies 1, no. 3: 198–206.

Nilsson, Mikael, Thomas Baker, and Pete Johnston. 2008. "The Singapore Framework for Dublin Core Application Profiles." http://dublincore.org/documents/2008/01/14/singapore-framework/

NINCH (National Initiative for a Networked Cultural Heritage). 2002. NINCH Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials. http://www.nyu.edu/its/humanities/ninchguide/index.html

NISO (National Information Standards Organization). 2004. “Understanding Metadata.” Bethesda, MD: NISO Press. http://www.niso.org/publications/press/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf

NISO (National Information Standards Organization). 2005. ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 - Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies. Bethesda, Maryland: NISO Press. http://www.niso.org/kst/reports/standardsstep=2&gid=None&project_key=7cc9b583cb5a62e8c15d3099e0bb46bbae9cf38a

NISO (National Information Standards Organization). 2007. A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections, 3rd edition. NISO. http://framework.niso.org/

NISO/DCMI. 2010. "Dublin Core: The Road from Metadata Formats to Linked Data." Joint NISO/DCMI Webinar, August 25. Presentation slides by Makx Dekkers and Thomas Baker available: http://dublincore.org/resources/training/

OAI (Open Archives Initiative). 2008. OAI-PMH (The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting) Protocol Version 2.0 of 2002-06-14. Document Version 2008-12-07T20:42:00Z. http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/openarchivesprotocol.htm

"Obtain the Getty Vocabularies." 2010. The Getty. Last modified March 23. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/license.html

OhioLINK Database Management and Standards Committee (DMSC) Metadata Task Force 2006. OhioLINK Digital Media Center (DMC) Metadata Application Profile. Columbus, Ohio: OhioLINK. Issued August 21. http://silver.ohiolink.edu/dms/dmccontribution/DMC_AP.pdf

Powell, Andy, Mikael Nilsson, Ambjörn Naeve, Pete Johnston, and Thomas Baker. 2007. "DCMI Abstract Model." Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. http://dublincore.org/documents/2007/04/02/abstract-model/

Rettig, Patricia J. 2002. "Administrative Metadata for Digital Images: A Real World Application of the NISO Standard." Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services 26: 173–179.

Riley, Jenn, John Chapman, Sarah Shreeves, Laura Akerman, and William Landis. 2008. "Promoting Shareability: Metadata Activities of the DLF Aquifer Initiative." Journal of Library Metadata 8, no. 3: 221–248.

Rhyno, Art. 2005. "Introduction to XML." In Technology for the Rest of Us: A Primer on Computer Technologies for the Low-Tech Librarian, edited by Nancy Courtney, 71–84. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.

RLG. 2005. “Terminology.” In Descriptive Metadata Guidelines for RLG Cultural Materials, 3–5. Mountain View, CA: RLG. http://www.oclc.org/programs/ourwork/past/culturalmaterials/RLG_desc_metadata.pdf

Shreeves, Sarah L. 2005. "The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting." In Technology for the Rest of Us: A Primer on Computer Technologies for the Low-Tech Librarian, edited by Nancy Courtney.85–108. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.

Shreeves, Sarah L., Jenn Riley, and Liz Milewicz. 2006. "Moving Towards Shareable Metadata." First Monday 11, no. 8. http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1386/1304

Smiraglia, Richard P., ed. 2005. Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer. New York: Haworth. Copublished simultaneously as Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 40, no. 3/4 (2005).

St. Pierre, Margaret, and William P. LaPlant. 1998. "Issues in Crosswalking: Content Metadata Standards." NISO Standards White Paper. October 15. http://www.niso.org/publications/white_papers/crosswalk/

Sutton, Stuart. 2007. "Tutorial 1: Basic Semantics." Presentation at DC-2007: International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, Singapore, August 27–31.. http://dublincore.org/resources/training/dc-2007/T1-BasicSemantics.pdf

Tauberer, Joshua. 2008. "What Is RDF and What Is It Good For?" RDF: About. Last modified January. http://www.rdfabout.com/intro/

TDL (Texas Digital Library) Metadata Working Group. 2005. “MODS Application Profile for Electronic Theses and Dissertations,” Version 1, December. http://www.tdl.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/etd_mods_profile.pdf

TDL (Texas Digital Library) Metadata Working Group. 2008. “Texas Digital Library Descriptive Metadata Guidelines for Electronic Theses and Dissertations,” Version 1.0, June. http://www.tdl.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/tdl-descriptive-metadata-guidelines-for-etd-v1.pdf.

Thurman, Alexander C. 2005. "Metadata Standards for Archival Control: An Introduction to EAD and EAC." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 40, no. 3/4: 183–212.

Tillett, Barbara B. 1991. "A Taxonomy of Bibliographic Relationships." Library Resources & Technical Services 35, no. 2 (April): 150–158.

Tillett, Barbara B. 1991. 2001. "Bibliographic Relationships." In Relationships in the Organization of Knowledge, edited by Carol A. Bean and Rebecca Green, 19–35. Information Science and Knowledge Management, v. 2. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Wendler, Robin. 2004. "Eye of the Beholder: Challenges of Image Description and Access at Harvard." In Metadata in Practice, edited by Diane Hillmann and Elaine Westbrooks, 51–69. Chicago: American Library Association.

Whalen, Maureen. 2008. "Rights Metadata Made Simple." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html

Woodley, Mary. 2008. "Crosswalks, Metadata Harvesting, Federated Searching, Metasearching: Using Metadata to Connect Users and Information." In Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed., v. 3.0, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html

Yott, Patrick. 2005. In Metadata: A Cataloger's Primer, edited by Richard P. Smiraglia, 213–235. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press.

Zeng, Marcia Lei, and Jian Qin. 2008. Metadata. New York: Neal-Schuman.


This page last updated: June 1, 2011
Compiled and maintained by Steven J. Miller, University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee